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7 ways to Boost Spinach Growth

by Rishika Choudhury

Date & Time: Nov 24, 2022 1:00 PM

Read Time: 3 minute

Spinach is a member of the Chenopodiaceae family. Spinacia oleracea is a fleshy-leaved perennial that grows in a dense rosette of wide, crinkly, delicate leaves. The first savoyed leaf cultivar was imported into North America in 1828.

Here are the ways to boost spinach growth -

Spinach site and soil selection:

Spinach thrives in soil rich in organic matter. In general, a spinach plant's pH and soil type are rarely become limiting factors. However, it has been demonstrated that spinach grows well in sandy loam soils with a pH of 6.5 to 6.8. In cases of severe P deficiency, farmers may use P2O5 at a rate of 50 kg per hectare a few days before sowing. 

Keep in mind that each industry has its own set of requirements. Growers should conduct a soil analysis before planting. They can also consult a certified agronomist in their area to develop a sound field preparation strategy. A few days before sowing, some farmers may additionally plough well and apply well-rotted cow dung to replenish N levels.

Spinach water requirement:

The spinach plant's root system is quite shallow. As a result, the plant prefers smaller and more frequent watering sessions to produce an adequate yield. As a general rule, farmers should strive to keep the soil moist during the growing season. Farmers with a lot of experience argue that keeping the soil wet all the time benefits plants in two ways. On the one hand, the plant will be able to absorb the necessary water. On the other hand, this will keep the soil temperature low, resulting in superior spinach growth.

Spinach planting:

Spinach requires cool temperature, so most gardeners plant it in the early spring or late fall. Many farmers choose to seed spinach six weeks before the last spring frost. In areas with cold springs, we can sow every 10 days until late April (mid-May). When growing spinach in hot climates, we can also plant it in the shade of tall crops such as wheat, beans, or maize.

Nutrient management in Spinach growth:

In normal soil, spinach may produce leaves, but it thrives in nutrient-rich soil. A few days before seed germination, many seasoned farmers combine compost with phosphorus fertilizer and apply it to the soil. Farmers may use P2O5 at a rate of 50kg per hectare in situations of severe P deficiency a few days before sowing (ask a licensed agronomist). Do not forget that 1 hectare is 2,47 acres or 10,000 square meters.

Pruning facilitates better growth:

As spinach is an annual plant all you need to follow is a bit of pruning of leaves during its season. Like many other leafy vegetables, it is advised to prune the leaves to get healthier and bushier plants.

Pest and Disease management:

Unfortunately, pests and viruses attack and infect spinach plants on a regular basis. Understanding our local crop enemies is essential for developing an environmentally responsible crop pest management strategy. Before taking any action to treat spinach pests and illnesses, growers should consult with a nearby qualified specialist. Pests such as aphids, leaf miners, slugs, and snails, as well as diseases such as mosaic virus and spinach blight, must be controlled.

Timely harvest of the spinach crop:

When to harvest depends on whether we plant spinach for the fresh market or the processed market. The majority of the time, spinach plants for the fresh market are harvested in a single cut 38 to 55 days after sowing (the entire plant is killed). Spinach leaves for the processed market, on the other hand, are harvested 60 to 80 days after sowing. Following the initial harvest, both the smooth and savoy plants (but primarily the smooth plants) are frequently allowed to grow and regenerate so that the farmers 
can harvest a second cut.

Also Read: AgFarm Unveils 11 New Agro Chemical Products

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